Criminology at Universitas Indonesia began with the establishment of Lembaga Kriminologi Universitas Indonesia (LKUI) (Universiteit van Indonesia heritage). This institution was formerly called Criminologisch Instituut and is a multidisciplinary–scientific organization consisting of forensic medicine, chemistry and forensic nature (criminalism), criminal law and criminology.
LKUI was established on September 15, 1948, long before the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences was established (on February 1, 1968) – and in 1988, LKUI changed its name to Pusat Pelayanan Keadilan dan Pengabdian Hukum (Center for Justice and the Legal Service). This institution was closed in 2006.
LKUI was the birthplace of the Department of Criminology which was initially based on a “bio-sociological” approach. Jan Remmelink describes the bio-sociological approach as follows.
“… without certain physical tendencies, crime possibly cannot emerge…”
Therefore the initial curriculum of the Department of Criminology included “anthropo-biology,” “forensic psychiatry” and “forensic psychology” courses. Paul Moedikdo, S.H. the initiator and founder of the Department of Criminology brought this idea of a bio-sociological approach into a theory called “teori dialog“.
Precisely in late 1970s, the Department of Criminology has relied more on approaches from social sciences, thus seeing crimes as social phenomena. Therefore, the Department of Criminology, Universita Indonesia has been a part of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences.
The Department of Criminology, Universitas Indonesia is one of the few of criminology teaching institutions as a department in universities. However, criminology as a course has been widely taught in various faculties of law in Indonesia. This is particularly to help students understand criminal law extensively. In addition to that, criminology as a study concentration or specialization has also been conducted for example by the Department of Sociology at Universitas Hassanudin.
In 2009, the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Indonesia held a meeting to discuss the possibility of opening a criminology department outside Universitas Indonesia. The meeting was attended by about twenty representatives of universities from all over Indonesia which had faculties of social science.
The vast and rapid growth and changes in society have spurred the new and latest forms of crimes such as cyber crimes, transnational crime, organized crime, and radical puritanism. The Department of Criminology, Universitas Indonesia has used the framework of the industrial revolution 4.0 in facing the challenges so that we can recommend public policy based on feminist criminology, realist criminology, constitutive criminology, catastrophic criminology, visual criminology, cultural criminology, news–making criminology, green criminology, computational criminology.